The phenomenon of globalization affects the labor market all over the world. Although women’s employment rates have increased with globalization, the majority of these jobs are low-paid, without social security and legal protection. With the effect of global socioeconomic trends, many women leave their jobs to more qualified male workers and cannot take advantage of job opportunities that require more technical knowledge. In the changing employment structures with globalization, women are employed as an alternative labor force and rather in informal labor markets, gaining importance as women’s labor is flexible and cheap.
As of January 2015, only 22 percent of parliamentarians worldwide are women. It is seen that there is a slow increase in this rate, which was 11 percent in 1995. Women face more inequality in the labor market than men. It is understood that 700 million women are married off at a young age, in other words, under the age of 18. It is seen that one out of every three women in this group, approximately 250 million women, are married under the age of 15. Forced displacement of people increases the risks faced by women and girls. Gender-based discrimination, human trafficking targeting women and girls, integration problems, underrepresentation in politics, and lack of equal access to resources and services are the most serious problems faced by migrant women.
The most basic condition for increasing women’s labor force participation and employment in the world and in Turkey is to increase the education level of women. Increasing the level of education enables women to be employed in more qualified and high value-added jobs. The issue of increasing women’s employment should be accepted as a state policy by all parties of society, especially public institutions. In this context, it is of great importance to include the importance of this field in national documents and to make necessary arrangements in the legislation in order to increase women’s employment and to reach the employment rates of developed countries.
The participation of women in the workforce, aside from its contribution to women’s empowerment, is gaining importance due to its relationship with development, and it finds its place on the agenda of lawmakers more and more each passing year. Together with the UPCOMING WOMEN Project, this project will be implemented so that women can cope with the inequality against men and the problems experienced against their employment. The UPCOMING WOMEN Project will also help enable low-skilled women to participate in all areas of society.