Trauma is defined as “an emotional response to a terrible event such as an accident, rape or natural disaster”. Traumatic events are considered as events that threaten the physical integrity of a person, his life, his loved ones, his beliefs about the world and people. Exposure to or witnessing negative experiences such as natural disasters, life-threatening health problems, torture and armed conflict are within the scope of the concept of traumatic event. As a result of the traumatic event, changes may occur in the physical, mental and social dimensions of the individual’s life.
Post-traumatic stress disorder, which occurs after a traumatic event, is followed by symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance of stimuli reminding or evoking the trauma, and re-experiencing the traumatic event through dreams and “flashbacks” and continues for at least 1 month. defined as a psychological disorder.
Post-traumatic stress disorder can occur with death, threat of death, serious injuries, sexual assaults, witnessing acts of violence and learning about a traumatic event experienced by relatives. As a result of PTSD, the traumatic event can come to mind involuntarily, events can be reflected in dreams, the traumatic event can be experienced again and again through flashbacks, and internal and external reactions that remind the traumatic event can be given.
Psychosocial Support of Individuals Diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder within the Framework of a Holistic Approach
Post-traumatic stress disorder can cause significant harm to the well-being of individuals, families, groups and societies. At the point of restoring well-being, social work profession, discipline and education have important roles. Social work aims to help people solve their conflicts with nature and people; trying to realize this assistance with the method of creating change at the level of the individual, group and society; It is defined as a profession that has a staff consisting of practitioners who are trained in terms of change with information about people, society, social work service programs that are active in the fields of social services, social welfare and security, and who comply with professional ethics and their assistance. According to another definition, social work is defined as a practice-based profession and discipline that adopts social change, development, social cohesion, empowerment and liberation of people as a principle. Social justice, human rights, shared responsibility and respect for differences are at the heart of social work. In this definition of social work, which is widely accepted, the academic and professional existence of social work is revealed. It has been stated that the differences, diversity and values that can be found among people are regarded as richness and are approached with respect. In addition, it was stated that in order to achieve the final goals, they should be hand in hand with a sense of common responsibility.